Herpes – Even If You Can’t See It

8 02 2010

Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) most often caused by the herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2).

About 45 million people in the U.S. over the age of 11have been infected. When a person becomes infected with the virus, it causes lesions in the genital area. Once a person is infected with HSV-2, there’s no way to get rid of it. The body carries the virus forever, although there may not always be symptoms.

Scientists used to believe that the life cycle of the virus in the body moved through stages of activity and inactivity. When the virus was active, it caused genital lesions. When the lesions went away, the virus was considered inactive.

Newer evidence suggests the virus may not ever be completely inactive. Now scientists believe that the virus continuously sheds small amounts of itself to the genital area along the nerves from the spinal column, even when lesions are not present.

This information suggests that people may be more contagious during “inactive” times than previously thought. Use of condoms can help prevent transmission, but it’s still possible to become infected when using a condom. Even though there are treatments available that help reduce transmission, there’s nothing that provides 100% protection against infection.

Herpes can be painful, and it can be life-threatening to newborns. Practice safe sex to give yourself the best chance to avoid this and other STDs.

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