For most women, HPV (human papillomavirus) is an infection that comes and goes without sign or symptom.
For some women, it’s a horrible infection that causes cervical cancer.
Treatments for cervical cancer depend on many variables, including what stage of cancer one has.
Some of these treatments attempt to preserve fertility while maintaining high survival rates. Two such treatments are:
- Conization – removing abnormal areas of the cervix (also known as a cone biopsy)
- Trachelectomy – removing part or all of the cervix
These treatments may affect the cervix in such a way that it could be more difficult to become pregnant or carry a pregnancy to full term, but they are still considered to be “fertility-preserving therapy” because other procedures are even more likely to affect fertility and pregnancy.
About the only way to prevent HPV infection is to have only one intimate partner during your lifetime, but that partner has to also have only one intimate partner—you. If that sounds unlikely to you, there are vaccines available that can reduce your chances of getting HPV (and therefore cervical cancer)—check with your doctor to see if it’s a good choice for you.